Architects design all facets of a structure.
Architecture is the study of building design, construction techniques, and the materials to create homes, buildings, public spaces and outdoor areas. Professionals working in the field may specialize in a particular type of building, such as residences, or in a specific area of the field, such as drafting or construction project management.
Architects design commercial buildings, homes and structures that meet the needs of clients for appearance, safety, comfort, budget and compliance with government regulations. The design includes plans for heating and ventilation, electrical, plumbing and air conditioning systems. Architects may also work with clients to evaluate construction bids and choose contractors. During the construction phase of a building project, architects may monitor the work to ensure that the contractor follows the design, uses the correct materials and meets the construction schedule. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, architects must have a professional degree in architecture, experience in the field and pass the Architect Registration Examination to work in the field.
Architectural drafters work with architects and engineers to create the drawings used in a building design and plan. Drafters usually work under the supervision of an architect and use tools such as computer-aided design and drafting software to create the drawings. Drafters specializing in architecture may need a bachelor’s degree to qualify for a position. While there are no bachelor’s degree programs in architectural drafting, students may complete coursework in mathematics, engineering and architecture to qualify for a position. Associate’s degree programs in drafting include coursework in computer-aided design and drafting software.