- Pueblo revival
- Mission revival
- Territorial Style
- Contemporary Southwest
- Latillas and vigas
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Don’t know your parapets from your portales? Pueblo style from Contemporary Southwest? Let our Visual Dictionary of Southwestern style help you come to terms with regional design.
architecture usually includes elements of Spanish Colonial and architecture styles. Its characteristics include earth-colored stucco walls with an adobelike appearance, rounded corners at intersections, brick flooring, flat roofs drained by canales (jutting water spouts), rows of (beams that protrude through exterior walls and provide structural support for the roof), casement windows, usually recessed, with roughly hewn lintels, and stepped-back rooflines that imitate Pueblo architecture.
Spanish Colonial architecture is typified by adobe walls, a one-story building around an enclosed courtyard, and a long, narrow porch either facing the street or facing the patio. Flat roofs are drained by canales extruding through a parapet. Windows that face the street often are protected with ornamental grillwork, and doors to the various rooms open onto a covered portal or patio.
was associated with New Mexico from the time it became a territory of the United States, in 1848, until about 1900. (New Mexico achieved statehood in 1912.) A one-story house built around a courtyard typically would have a flat roof with parapets and exterior walls of adobe coated with adobe plaster or stucco. Sidelights, a stack of small vertical windows, commonly flanked entry doors, and bricks trimmed doors and windows. Brick atop the exterior walls protected them from water damage, a constant worry with adobe construction. Pedimented lintels, or lintels with a triangular crown, recalled the Greek Revival style, as did the milled posts and beams that replaced the logs used as and posts in Spanish Colonial homes.
The term covers a broad range of styles reflecting regional influences. It can incorporate Pueblo style cues with modern surface treatments, larger volumes, and refined straight-lined geometry—for instance, a flat roof but squared parapets, earth-tone or vibrantly colored stucco finishes, extensive use of glass, wood or steel, and deep . The masters of Contemporary Southwest architecture in New Mexico tend to emphasize design that responds to climate and site, uses materials honestly so they become design elements themselves, and breaks down the barriers between inside and out.