This book explores key aspects of art and architecture in ancient Greece and Rome. Drawing on the perspectives of scholars of various generations, nationalities, and backgrounds, it discusses Greek and Roman ideas about art and architecture, as expressed in both texts and images, along with the production of art and architecture in the Greek and Roman world. It also looks at the social, political, and cultural functions of Greek and Roman images and buildings. The book introduces the reader to the notion of “ancient art theory, ” the theory of mimesis, the ideas of philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, and the wider field of Greek and Roman literature and epigraphy. Other chapters focus on the production of images and buildings; the patronage, financing, and sponsorship of art and architecture; religious contexts of Greek and Roman art and architecture, with emphasis on altars, temples, and sacred spaces; and the modern historiography of Greek and Roman architecture in relation to ancient historiography and to the trajectory of modern intellectual history. Finally, the book considers the larger theoretical implications, methodologies, and directions of research in Greek and Roman art and architecture.
Keywords: ancient art theory, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, architecture, art, buildings, epigraphy, images, philosophers, theory of mimesis